Liberty County History

An occasional gathering place for articles, documents, photographs, records and other ephemera dealing with the history of Liberty County, Texas.

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Kevin Ladd is director of the Wallisville Heritage Park at Wallisville, Chambers County, TX and lives in Hardin, TX. He is chairman of the Liberty County Historical Commission and writes for "Texas Illustrated," a monthly publication of the Liberty Gazette newspaper, which is devoted to local history and folklore.

Thursday, July 20, 2006

Incorporation of the Town of Liberty (1837)

The Telegraph & Texas Register
Saturday, July 29, 1837
Published at Houston, Texas

JOINT RESOLUTION
For the Incorporation of the town of Liberty.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas, in Congress assembled, That the citizens of the town of Liberty be and they are hereby declared a body corporate and public, under the name and style of the "Corporation of the Town of Liberty," who shall have the power of suing and being sued, of pleading and being impleaded, and to sell and dispose of real and personal property within the limits of said corporation.

SEC. 2. Be it further resolved, That it shall be the duty of the citizens of said corporation to elect seven trustees, who shall select from their own body a presiding officer or mayor, a treasurer, and a secretary; they shall also appoint a collector and constable; the treasurer and collector being required to give bonds as approved by said trustees, in such amount as they deem necessary, and to make reports when required by the mayor, who shall have the power when necessary to supress riots and disturbances, to call out the citizens of said corporation, for the purpose of restoring order.

SEC. 3. Be it further enacted, That the first election shall be held under the direction of the Chief Justice of the county, after having given ten days notice thereof, and annually afterwards by the presiding officer, at least ten days prior to the expiration of his term of office, and that in the case of death or resigation the vacancy or vacancies shall be filled by new elections to be ordered by the mayor.

SEC. 4. Be it further enacted, That no persons shall be eligible to hold an office in said corporation, or to vote for the members of the said body, unless he shall have resided within said corporation during the period of six months immediately preceding such election and have acquired the rights of citizenship, in conformity with the laws of the republic.

SEC. 5. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the trustees, from time to time to pass such rules and ordinances for the regulation of the police and preservation of order within the corporation limits as may be necessary, to levy taxes for the removal of nuisances and keeping the streets and to prescribe penalties. Provided further, that no tax shall be levied unless by consent of two-thirds of the citizens present; said tax to be assessed according to the valuation of property; and when a meeting is called for this purpose, the subject must be stated in the notice, and for the collection of which personal property alone shall be seized.

SEC. 6. Be it further enacted, That whereas there are four leagues of land belonging to the said town which are now useless, the trustees shall and are hereby authorized and empowered in connection with the county court of the county of Liberty, to alienate said lands, or such portion thereof as they may deem advisable; the proceeds of such sale or sales to be by them jointly appropriated to the construction of a Court House, Jail, and such other public buildings and for such other purposes as they may think proper; Provided always, that those persons who have taken lots in said Town shall have the right of keeping the same, and it shall be the duty of said commissioners and of the county court, to issue titles to such individuals upon their paying to the trustees the amount of the valuation of the lots so taken.

SEC. 7. Be it further enacted, That the said trustees shall have the privilege of establishing schools within said corporation.

SEC. 8. Be it further enacted, That the rules and ordinances of said corporation shall not be contrary to the constitution and rules of this republic.

B. T. ARCHER,
Speaker of the House of Representatives
JESSE GRIMES,
President pro. tem. of the Senate
Approved, June 10th, 1837.
Signed: SAM HOUSTON,
President of the Republic of Texas

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